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Technical Articles

Letter to Dr. Chu
Read the letter RPHP's Dr. Sternlass wrote to Dr. Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy, regarding the adverse health effects of low radiation doses.
Click here to read
Click here to read the reply from the DOE
Testimony of Joseph J. Mangano to the NRC Regarding Indian Point License Renewal
Cortlandt Manor NY, February 12, 2009
Click here to read
Rising Child Leukemia Rates Near U.S. Nuclear Plants
An RPHP study on rising child leukemia rates near U.S. nuclear plants was published in the most recent issue of the European Journal of Cancer Care.  Congressman Edward Markey and actor Alec Baldwin both commented on the research and its importance.
Click here to read the article (pdf format)
Click here to read the press release

Excess Infant Mortality After Nuclear Plant Startup in Rural mississippi
International Journal of Health Services
Volume 38, Number 2--2008
Joseph J. Mangano, MPH, MBA

American utilities are considering ordering new nuclear power reactors, which would be the first such orders in the U.S. since 1978. One potential site would be the Grand Gulf plant near Port Gibson, Mississippi. This report examines potential reasons why an indigent, largely African-American community may be at higher risk than other populations from exposure to an environmental toxin such as radiation. It also considers potential health risks posed by new reactors at Grand Gulf.
Click here to read this report

Public Health Risks Of Extending Licenses
Of The Indian Point 2 and 3 Nuclear Reactors

On November 12, 2007, RPHP released a detailed report on the health threats posed by the Indian Point nuclear plant at a press conference in New York City. The report contains much original research by RPHP on radioactive contamination from Indian Point, and on unexpectedly high cancer rates near the plant.
Click here to read the Executive Summary
Click here to read the entire report
The press conference was reported by NBC Nightly News, CBS-2 TV NYC, NBC-4 TV NYC, Fox-5 TV NYC, ABC-7 TV NYC, New York One TV, News-12 Westchester, WCBS-880 radio NYC, Columbia University radio NYC, Metro Network (WABC, WOR radio) NYC, Westchester Journal News and The New York Post.

Click here to read The coverage by the Westchester Journal News
Geographic Variance In Pennsylvania Thyroid Cancer Incidence And The Link With Nuclear Power Reactors
Joseph J. Mangano, MPH, MBA
February 14, 2007
Click here to read this article regarding high thyroid cancer rates and proximity to nuclear power plants.

A Short Latency Between Radiation Exposure From Nuclear Plants And Cancer In Young Children
By Joseph J. Mangano, MPH, MBA
International Journal of Health Services
March, 2006

A new study by Joseph Mangano was announced in Trenton NJ on March 28, 2006, published in the International Journal of Health Services.

The article was presented at a news conference at the NJ state capitol in Trenton, which featured Mangano, Dr. Donald Louria of New Jersey Medical School, and Suzanne Leta of the New Jersey Public Interest Research Group. The conference was covered by over a half-dozen newspapers, radio stations, and television stations from New Jersey.

The article examines the link between in-body radiation and cancer risk Mangano’s paper showed that near the Brookhaven (NY), Indian Point (NY) and Oyster Creek (NJ) nuclear plants, trends in Strontium-90 in baby teeth and childhood cancer incidence were similar. With several hundred teeth and cancer cases used near each plant, the findings were highly significant. This research suggests a cause-and-effect link between radioactivity from reactors with cancer in local children.

Click here for the press release.
Click here for news coverage.
Click here to read the entire study.

A List of Radiation and Public Health Project Professional Publications Since 1994
Click here to view
to view a more comprehensive list of the
Articles, Scientific Papers, Books and Selected Testimony Relating to the Health Effects of Ionizing Radiation
by Ernest J. Sternglass, Ph. D.
Click Here

"Three Mile Island: Health study meltdown" in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
By Joseph Mangano, RPHP National Coordinator, October 2004

Author Joseph Mangano faults researchers for largely ignoring health problems near the Three Mile Island nuclear plant after the partial meltdown in 1979. Mr. Mangano points out that only five journal articles using actual cancer trends near the plant have been published, versus 38 articles exploring mental health effects from the accident.

He noted that no research has been published on radiation-sensitive diseases like low weight births, infant deaths, childhood cancer, and thyroid cancer. The article includes a map showing that infant death rates rose in most counties downwind of Three Mile Island after the accident.

Mr. Mangano discussed his findings at an August 17 press conference at the Pennsylvania state capitol building in Harrisburg.

Read the full article by clicking here.

"An Unexpected Rise in Strontium-90 in U.S. Deciduous Teeth in the 1990s" by Joseph Mangano, Published 30 December 2003 in The Science of the Total Environment.
Read the article

"The South Florida Baby Teeth and Cancer Case Study" was officially released April 9th, 2003. The Study finds that infants and children are especially vulnerable to cancer caused by federally-permitted radiation releases from nuclear reactors such as the Turkey Point and St. Lucie nuclear power plants, located in southeast Florida.

Read the article.

"Elevated Childhood Cancer Incidence Proximate to U.S. Nuclear Power Plants," Archives of Environmental Health, Spring 2003.

"Infant Death and Childhood Cancer Reductions After Nuclear Plant Closing in the U.S.," Archives of Environmental Health, Spring 2002.
Read our Comment Statement to the NRC Regarding Re-licensing of Turkey Point 3 and 4 Reactors.

Environmental Radiation from Nuclear Reactors and Increasing Children's Cancer in Southeastern Florida
A Special Report on the Florida Baby Tooth Study, March 28, 2001

"Strontium-90 in Deciduous Teeth as a Factor in Early Childhood Cancer"
Jay M. Gould, Ernest J. Sternglass, Janette D. Sherman, Jerry Brown, William McDonnell, Joseph J. Mangano.

International Journal of Health Services
Volume 30, Number 3, Pages 515-539, 2000
Copyright Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

Abstract
Strontium-90 concentrations in deciduous (baby) teeth of 515 children born mainly after the end of worldwide atmospheric nuclear bomb tests in 1980 are found to equal the concentrations in children born during atmospheric tests in the late 1950s. Recent Sr-90 concentrations in the New York, New Jersey, Long Island metropolitan area have exceeded the expected downward trend seen in both baby teeth and adult bone after the 1963 ban on atmospheric testing. Sharp rises and declines are also seen in Miami, Florida. In Suffolk County, Long Island, Sr-90 concentrations in baby teeth were significantly correlated with cancer incidence for children 0 to 4 years of age. A similar correlation of childhood malignancies with the rise and decline of Sr-90 in deciduous teeth occurred during the peak years of fallout in the 1950s and 1960s.

Independent support for the relation between nuclear releases and childhood cancer is provided by a significant correlation with total alpha and beta activities in local surface water in Suffolk County. These results strongly support a major role of nuclear reactor releases in the increase of cancer and other immune-system-related disorders in young American children since the early 1980s.
Read a draft of the entire study

"Strontium-90 in Newborns and Childhood Disease," Archives of Environmental Health, Fall 2000.
"The Strontium-90 Baby Teeth Study and Childhood Cancer," European Journal of Oncology, Fall 2000.
"Cancer in Baseball Players: A New Outbreak?" Pesticides, People, and Nature, Summer 2000.
"Low-level Radiation Harmed Humans Near Three Mile Island"
Joseph Mangano's August 1997 In Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 105, Number 8
Read the article.
Read an article and two charts by Dr. Gould showing 20 Million Premature US Deaths Since 1950.
"Improvements in Local Infant Health After Nuclear Power Reactor Closing," Journal of Environmental Epidemiology and Toxicology, Spring 2000.
"A Rise in the Incidence of Childhood Cancer in the U.S.," International Journal of Health Services, Spring 1999.
"A Post-Chernobyl Rise in Thyroid Cancer in Connecticut," European Journal of Cancer Prevention, February 1996.
"Cancer Mortality Near Oak Ridge, Tennessee," International Journal of Health Services, Summer 1994.

LETTERS TO MEDICAL JOURNALS

"Answering the Challenge," (response to Sen. Pete Domenici), Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 7/98.

"Low-Level Radiation Harmed Humans Near Three Mile Island," Environmental Health Perspectives, 8/97.

"Childhood Leukaemia in U.S. May Have Risen Due to Fallout From Chernobyl," BMJ, 4/19/97.
"Chernobyl and Hypothyroidism," Lancet, 5/25/96 and 8/17/96 (response to comment).
"Thyroid Cancer in the United States Since Accident at Chernobyl," BMJ, 8/19/95.

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

USA Newborn Deterioration In The Nuclear Age, 1945-1996
Low-birthweight babies and infant mortality in the nuclear age--presented March 1998 at the International Congress On The Effects Of Low Dose Ionizing Radiation. The paper focuses on the effects of radiation on infants in the United States. Charts are given for each state in the US for both low birthweights and infant mortality.

Read the paper.
View the abstract.

"Chernobyl Emissions Linked to a Variety of Adverse Health Effects in the U.S."
In Kohnlein W and Nussbaum R (eds.): Effects of Low Dose Ionizing
Radiation. Muenster, Germany: German Society for Radiation Protection, 1998.

"Health Effects of Low Dose Exposure to Fission Products from Chernobyl and the Fermi Nuclear Reactor in the Population of the Detroit Metropolitan Area." In Kohnlein W and Nussbaum R (eds.): Effects of Low Dose Ionizing Radiation. Muenster, Germany: German Society for Radiation Protection, 1998.
"Low Level Radiation and Carcinoma of the Thyroid." In Schmitz-Feuerhake I and Lengfelder E (eds.):100 Jahre Roentgen: Berlin, Germany: German Society for Radiation Protection, 1995.


TESTIMONY

Testimony of Joseph J. Mangano, MPH MBA
To The New Jersey Commission on Radiation Protection

February 16, 2005
Click here to read