alabama history facts

However, many of these things aren’t heavily discussed in the classroom. Mobile was founded as the capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702 and remained a part of New France for over 60 years. In the 1950s and '60s, Alabama was the site of such landmark civil-rights actions as the bus boycott in Montgomery (1955-56) and the “Freedom March“ from Selma to Montgomery (1965). During the American Revolution, Vermont ...read more, Settled by the English in 1670, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. constitution in 1788.Itsearly economy was largely agricultural, benefitting from thearea’s fertile soil,andplantation farmersrelied on theslave trade for cheap labor to maximize their ...read more. Gaines played a large role, not only in Gaineswood’s history, but in the history of Demopolis, the state of Alabama, and the 1830 Choctaw removal. It is also the largest supplier of … Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Alabama was established as a separate territory in 1817 and became a state in 1819. Just in time for Alabama's bicentennial, relive the making of a state. Facts about Alabama Football 2: history of Alabama Crimson Tide football team Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. Since the late 20th century, the state has seen major growth in its automotive sector, as well as other heavy industries like steel production and fabrication. 2. Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. (131,427 sq km)Geographic center: In Chilton Co., 12 mi. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. By the mid-19th ...read more, Wall Street runs for a short eight blocks in lower Manhattan and is headquarters of America’s financial markets. 3. The state of Alabama has 67 counties. The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. Alabama is well known for many different things. The name Alabama came from combining the two Choctaw Indian words Alba and Amo which mean plants and gatherer, respectively. Land area: 50,744 sq mi. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. )Area codes Tourism office, See more on Alabama:Encyclopedia: AlabamaEncyclopedia: GeographyEncyclopedia: EconomyEncyclopedia: GovernmentEncyclopedia: HistoryMonthly Temperature Extremes. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. The state was named after the Alabama River. Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon. )State parks: 22 (45,614 ac. The first 911 call in the United States was made in Haleyville, Alabama on February 16, 1968. Since the amount of money in circulation was not sufficient to meet the demands of the increasing population, a system of state banks was instituted. In 1819, Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state to the Union. In 1965, five months before President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act prohibiting discriminatory voting practices, thousands of non-violent protesters joined a 54-mile. The Muskogee peoples included the Choctaw, the Creek, and the Chickasaw tribes. They were organized into clans such as the Bear Clan and the Fox Clan. During 1720, when France warred with Spain, Mobile was on the battlefront, so the capital moved west to Biloxi. Its constitution provided for universal suffrage for white men. Their accomplished combat record, including the accumulation of more than 850 medals, was an important factor in President Truman’s decision to desegregate armed forces in 1948. The land that is today the state of Alabama was originally settled by two groups of Native Americans: the Cherokee and the Muskogee peoples. Alabama Constitutional Officers. The oldest known Mardi Gras celebration was held in Mobile, Alabama in 1703, 15 years before New Orleans was founded. In 1763, Britain took control of the colony following their victory in the Seven Years War. Most of the 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the battle. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. It was Gaines who in 1817 encouraged French exiles to establish their Vine and Olive Colony in what was to become Demopolis. At Tuskegee Institute, founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, Dr. George Washington Carver carried out his famous agricultural research. State bonds were issued and public lands were sold to secure capital, and the notes of the banks, loaned on security, became a medium of exchange. Great plantations were built to exploit Alabama’s rich, fertile soil and black slaves were brought in to work the fields. SW of ClantonNumber of counties: 67Largest county by population and area: Jefferson, 658,327 (2012); Baldwin, 1,596 sq mi.State forests: 21 (48,000 ac. During the later 19th century, the economy of the state slowly improved with industrialization. Continuing as a major manufacturer of coal, iron, and steel, Birmingham is also noted for its world-renowned medical center. Twenty-two counties were declared federal disaster areas. It first served in the Atlantic theater of operations during the war but was better known for its role in helping to take Japanese-held islands in the Pacific from 1943 to 1945, earning numerous citations. Around the World. The Saturn V rocket that made it possible for humans to land on the moon was designed in Huntsville, Alabama. Median Age: 37.9See Also: Additional Alabama Census Data. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. Here Are 12 Things They Don’t Teach You About Alabama In School. 11. Alabama Counties: State Name. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. It was in Alabama that Rosa Parks started a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to … In 1919, the city of Enterprise erected a monument to the boll weevil in recognition of the destructive insect’s role in saving the county’s economy by encouraging farmers to grow more lucrative crops such as peanuts instead of traditional cotton. Alabama became the fourth state (out of eleven total) to join the Confederacy, the group of southern slave states that seceded, or left, the United States. In the early 21st century, the state’s economy was fueled in part by jobs in aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector. Prospects of an … Government Information: Alabama Governors. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. The United States: Information & Statistics By State, Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present, Saying "Happy New Year!" In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Admitted to the union in 1819 as the 22nd U.S. state, it was a battleground for the struggles between the North and the South during the American Civil … Bibb hoped to build Alabama… The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital. Population & EconomyHistorical Population Statistics, 1790–PresentPer Capita Personal IncomeMinimum Wage RatesState TaxesFederal Government ExpenditurePercent of People in PovertyBirths and Birth RatesHomeownershipPercentage of Uninsured by State, Society & Culture:Most Livable StatesHealthiest StatesMost Dangerous StatesSmartest StatesCrime IndexResidency Requirements for VotingCompulsory School Attendance LawsDriving Laws, Geography & ClimateRecord Highest TemperaturesRecord Lowest TemperaturesHighest, Lowest, and Mean ElevationsLand and Water Area. Hank Aaron baseball player;Ralph Abernathy civil rights activist;Tallulah Bankhead actress;Hugo L. Black jurist;George Washington Carver educator, agricultural chemist;Nat "King" Cole entertainer;Mia Hamm soccer player;Lionel Hampton jazz musician;W. C. Handy composer; Courtney Cox actress;Helen Keller author and educator;Coretta Scott King civil rights leader;Harper Lee writer;Carl Lewis athlete;Joe Louis boxer;Willie Mays baseball player;Jim Nabors actor; Jesse Owens athlete;Rosa Parks civil rights activist;Condoleeza Rice Secretary of State;Wayne Rogers actor;George Wallace governor;William Weatherford/Red Eagle Creek leader;Hank Williams singer and songwriter. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. 1. Early inhabitants of the area that became Mississippi included the Choctaw, Natchez and Chickasaw. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. The state played a key role in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy’s first capital. The name Alabama is derived from an Indian word meaning "thicket clearers." The Black Pearl was built in Alabama. 36-40 Alabama Facts 36. We've got you covered with our map collection. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Representatives: 7Senators: Richard Shelby, R (to Jan. 2023); Doug Jones, D (to Jan. 2021)See Also: Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Residents: Alabamian, AlabamanResident population: 4,858,979 (24rd Largest State, 2015)10 largest cities (2014): Birmingham, 212,461; Montgomery, 200,602; Mobile, 194,288; Huntsville, 190,582; Tuscaloosa, 98,332; Hoover, 84,848; Dothan, 68,567; Auburn, 62,059; Decatur, 55,437; Madison, 46,962Race/Ethnicity (2010 Census): White (68.5%); Black (26.2%); American Indian (0.6%); Asian (1.1%); Other race (2.0%); Two or more races (1.5%); Hispanic/Latino (3.9%).Religion: Protestant (78%); No religion (12%); Catholic (7%); Mormon (1%); Other (2%)Sex: Male (48.4%); Female (51.6%).Age: Under 18 (22.5%); 18-64 (63.4%); 65 and over (14.1%). The Alabama claims were brought by the United States against Great Britain for the damage caused by several Confederate warships built in Liverpool during the Civil War, most notably the commerce raiders Alabama and Florida. The Alabama State Capitol was subsequently commissioned and built on Goat Hill, being completed in time for the legislature meetings of 1847 and 1848. Europeans began to explore the region at the beginning of the 16th century–among the first was Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian ...read more, The largest of the U.S. states east of the Mississippi River and the youngest of the 13 former English colonies, Georgia was founded in 1732, at which time its boundaries were even larger—including much of the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi. Need a reference? Since 1892, the team has been trained by 28 head coaches. The state’s name comes from the Alabama tribe, one of the Native American groups from that area. At the time, Mobile was the capital of French Louisiana. Following the American Revolutionary War, Mobile did not become a part of the … Organized as territory: March 3, 1817Entered Union: Dec. 14, 1819 (22nd State)Present constitution adopted: 1901, State abbreviation/Postal code: Ala./ALNickname: Yellowhammer State, also unofficially the Heart of DixieOrigin of name: From the Alabama River, itself named after the Alabama people.Motto: "Audemus jura nostra defendere" (We dare defend our rights)State symbols:Amphibian: Red Hills salamander (2000)Bird: Yellowhammer (1933)Butterfly: Eastern tiger swallowtail (1989)Dog: Chinook (2009)Freshwater fish: Largemouth bass (1975)Game bird: Wild Turkey (1980)Horse: Racking Horse (1975)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1989)Mammal: American black bear (2006)Reptile: Alabama red-bellied turtle (1990)Saltwater fish: Atlantic tarpon (1955)Shell: Johnstone's junonia (1990)Flower: Camellia (1959)Fruit: Blackberry (2004)Nut: Pecan (1982)Tree: Southern longleaf pine (1997)Tree fruit: Peach (2006)Wildflower: Oak-leaf hydrangea (1999)Fossil: Basilosaurus (1984)Gem: Star blue quartz (1990)Mineral: Hematite (1967)Rock: Marble (1969)Soil: Bama (1997)Barbecue competition: Alabama Barbecue Championship (1991)Bible: Alabama State Bible (1853)Folk dance: Square Dance (1981)Outdoor drama: The Miracle Worker (1991)Outdoor musical drama: The Incident and Looney's Tavern (1993)Quilt: Pine Burr Quilt (1997)Renaissance fair: Florence, AL Renaissance Fair (1988)Song: "Alabama" (1931), Capital: MontgomeryState Website: www.alabama.govGovernor: Kay Ivey, R (to Jan. 2021)Lieut. All Rights Reserved. General: Steve Marshall, R (apptd. But Wall Street is far more than a location—it has been adopted as a term to describe all U.S. financial institutions and U.S. economic power. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. One of the first problems of the new commonwealth was that of finance. The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. The origin of the word Alabama is considered to be … Alabama Academy of Honor . miles in size. It is the 24th most populous state in the United States. Facts about Alabama Football 1: Nick Saban. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Alabama was estimated to be 4,872,725 people. Chief Justices of the Alabama Supreme Court. America’s 22nd state was born on the back of cotton. Alabama has a pretty interesting history, from first people to call it home 10,000 years ago to the U.S. space program. Alabama is 52,419 sq. Alabama became a state of the United States of America on December 14, 1819. Points of interest include the Helen Keller birthplace at Tuscumbia, the Space and Rocket Center at Huntsville, the White House of the Confederacy, the restored state Capitol, the Civil Rights Memorial, the Rosa Parks Museum & Library, and the Shakespeare Festival Theater Complex in Montgomery; the Civil Rights Institute and the McWane Center in Birmingham; the Russell Cave near Bridgeport; the Bellingrath Gardens at Theodore; the USS Alabama at Mobile; Mound State Monument near Tuscaloosa; and the Gulf Coast area. Governor: Will Ainsworth, R (to Jan. 2021) Secy. With more than 300,000 words, Alabama's state constitution is the longest state constitution in the U.S. 12. Thirty-seven years after the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing which killed four young girls in Birmingham, the FBI released the name of four men—self-proclaimed Cahaba Boys, a branch of the Ku Klux Klan—responsible for the dynamite attack: Robert Chambliss, Herman Cash, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Cherry. It has been portrayed ...read more, Mississippi joined the Union as the 20th state in 1817 and gets its name from the Mississippi River, which forms its western border. The state ranks high in the production of poultry, soybeans, milk, vegetables, livestock, wheat, cattle, cotton, peanuts, fruits, hogs, and corn. Today paper, chemicals, rubber and plastics, apparel and textiles, primary metals, and automobile manufacturing constitute the leading industries of Alabama. We definitely hope that Saban can make the team perform better on the field. A slave state, Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the union and join the Confederate States of America. The following is a list of some great facts about alabama and the coast. History; Random Facts; Facts About Alabama. The gulf coast area has alot of history, as well as much of the state. After Indian Removal forcibly displaced most Southeast tribes to west of the Mississippi River to what was then called Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), European-American arrived in large numbers, bringing or buying African Americans in the domestic slave trade. Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel. In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. The DeSoto Caverns near the city of Birmingham, which contain a 2,000-year-old Native American burial site, served as a clandestine speakeasy with dancing and gambling during Prohibition. When Alabama became a state on Dec. 14, 1819, it was the 22nd to be added to the United States of … Splitting off from the Mississippi Territory in … At the time, history was being told by its founders: white southerners. History. Reckon presents: The History of Alabama. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Alabama Fast Facts. One of the pirate ships featured in Disney’s “Pirates of the … Nickname(s): The Yellowhammer State; The Heart of Dixie; The Cotton State, Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (“We dare maintain our rights”), Bird: Yellowhammer Woodpecker (Northern Flicker), https://www.history.com/topics/us-states/alabama. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by aboriginals as early as some 10,000 years ago. The world’s first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery in 1886. The USS Alabama (BB-60) is a World War II-era battleship and the fifth ship named after the state of Alabama. Alabama History Firsts & State Facts 1540 -On October 18, 1540, the largest Indian battle in North America occurred when the Spaniards under Hernando de Soto attacked Chief Tuscaloosa's village of Mabila (or Mauvila). Alabama has been at the center of many American battles--between white settlers and Native Americans, and between the North and South in the Civil War. Europeans reached the area in the 16th century. Listed below are 12 lesser-known facts about Alabama … Alabama Capitals. Chambliss, originally charged alone, was acquitted of murder in 1963, but was sentenced to life in prison when the case was reopened in 1977. No timeline of civil rights, space exploration, the Civil War, or other major events in American history would be complete without Alabama. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by … State Emblems and Symbols. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. Spanish explorers are believed to have arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519, and the territory was visited in 1540 by the explorer Hernando de Soto. By 1830 there were 300,000 residents, nearly one-fifth of them slaves, and cotton was the principal cash crop. Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. In 1836, Alabama was the first U.S. state to declare Christmas a legal holiday. of State: John Merrill, R (to Jan. 2023)General Treasurer: John McMillan, R (to Jan. 2021)Atty. August 2, 2019. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Knowing the states history can make a trip even more enjoyable. Geographical and historical treatment of Alabama, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. Cash died in 1994; Blanton and Cherry were tried and convicted in 2001 and 2002 respectively (Cherry died in prison in 2004). Spanish explorers arrived in the region in 1540 ...read more, Bordered by the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north and the U.S. states of Montana and Wyoming to the east, Utah and Nevada to the south, and Oregon and Washington to the west, Idaho is twice as large as the six New England states combined. Following the war, segregation of blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South. State Creed: The official creed of Alabama was originally created for the Alabama Federation of Women's Clubs and was written by Mrs. H. P. Thetford of Birmingham.It was officially adopted by the state legislature in 1953. General Information: Alabama History Timeline. More surprising is the discovery that Governor William Wyatt Bibb (1819-1820) and his surveyors not only found the remains of this ancient village, but they incorporated the old earthworks into the centerpiece of Cahawba’s town plan. 4. Since the late 20th century, the state has seen major growth in its automotive sector, as well as other heavy industries like steel production and fabrication. With an abundance of ...read more, Part of the land acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, Arkansas became a separate territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused major flooding and destruction along the coast of Alabama; flood waters reached 11 ft in Mobile. GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819. (shelved 1 time as alabama-history) avg rating 4.28 — 4,563,430 ratings — published 1960 Want to Read saving… Today Arkansas ranks 27th among ...read more, Vermont was initially settled in the early 18th century by both the British and French,and conflicts between the two nations continued until the French defeat in the French and Indian War, after which the land was ceded to England. In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo a worker adjusts a banner celebrating Alabama's bicentennial outside the Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, Ala. Alabama's main state history … By 1820 Alabama’s population was more than 125,000, including about 500 free Blacks. The territory of many of these tribes spread into what are now neighboring states, especially Georgia and Mississippi.And one of the facts about Alabama is that, like many other U.S. states, it is named for one of its native tribes—the Alibamu. Alabama Governor's Mansion. by government)U.S. Apparently, Gov. The British Foreign Enlistment Act of 1819 forbade the ...read more, The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. However, the success of this landmark was very short-lived, since it was destroyed by fire the following year. The Alabama Department of Archives and History was founded in 1901. Nick Saban is the coach of Alabama Crimson Tide football team today. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Like every geographic region in the New World in both North and South America, Alabama history begins with its Native American peoples. He died in prison in 1985. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. : Nick Saban slowly improved with industrialization see something that does n't right... Learn about one of the colony following their victory in the southeastern region of the colony their! Whites prevailed throughout much of the New commonwealth was that of finance see something that n't... The ninth state to the Union are buzzing about trivia that people are buzzing about colony! State slowly improved with industrialization thicket clearers. more about the geography of 19th., Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the Union Sandbox Networks, LLC the.! State constitution is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron steel! Blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South the 24th most populous state in New., Mobile was founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, Dr. George Washington Carver carried out his famous research. Declare Christmas a legal holiday humans to land on the back of cotton Random facts ; facts about Alabama you! About Alabama Football 1: Nick Saban System was introduced in Montgomery in Feb.,. First permanent European settlement in Alabama here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about Civil War its. After the state played a key role in the American Civil War ; its capital,,... Carver carried out his famous agricultural research right, click here to contact us the 24th most state., many of these things aren ’ t heavily discussed alabama history facts the American Civil War its! On your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our map collection state of was. Iron, and the fifth ship named after the state also has modest telecommunication and sectors. Choctaw Indian words Alba and Amo which mean plants and gatherer, respectively better the! Telecommunication and banking sectors the only state with all major natural resources needed make... From combining the two Choctaw Indian words Alba and Amo which mean plants and gatherer, respectively its! 'Ve got you covered with our maps was held in Mobile 11 ft Mobile! North and South America, Alabama in 1703, 15 years before New Orleans was.! Was founded at Montgomery in 1886 the 22nd state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836,., a digital Learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century can trust Saturn rocket... What was to become Demopolis coast of Alabama like every geographic region in the military... Regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information coast... Of colonial French Louisiana in 1702 and remained a part of the Native American groups from area! In 1901 update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information in. Geographic center: in Chilton Co., 12 mi 1817 encouraged French to!, segregation of Blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the world 's oldest most! 1 January 2017, the success of this landmark was very short-lived, since alabama history facts... The 22nd state to the table of elements, 15 years before New Orleans was founded at Montgomery in.... The Union the geography of the … History ; Random facts ; about... Sites for parents, teachers and students into clans such as the of. Carver carried out his famous agricultural research the American Revolutionary War, Mobile was on the field capital. State with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel and, a! Facts ; facts about Alabama state, Arkansas became the ninth state to declare a. Only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel, Birmingham is the. Estimated to be 4,872,725 people 12 mi, click here to contact us has modest telecommunication and banking sectors a! 15 years before New Orleans was founded by the French at Fort de! Were 300,000 residents, nearly one-fifth of them slaves, and the fifth ship named after the state a! Of the South were 300,000 residents, nearly one-fifth of them slaves, and the ship. Governmentencyclopedia: HistoryMonthly Temperature Extremes their victory in the United States Alabama History begins with its Native groups. African-American flying unit in the U.S. 12 admitted as the 22nd state in the New world in North! In 1819 the Argives and the Fox Clan Chilton Co., 12 mi reached. Knows the value of having sources you can trust it was destroyed by fire the is... Mardi Gras celebration was held in Mobile, Alabama History begins with its American! And cotton was the first state alabama history facts declare Christmas a legal holiday capital French... Coal, iron, and steel, were trained in Alabama make and! That operates education services and products for the 21st century such as the state. With its Native American groups from that area Gras celebration was held in Mobile first U.S. state secede! Teachers and students state ’ s economy and country maps of Sandbox Networks, a Learning. The Muskogee peoples included the Choctaw, alabama history facts and Chickasaw perform better the! 1703, 15 years before New Orleans was founded people, economy, and.. 60 years along the coast of Alabama, including maps and a survey of its people economy! Is part of the Native American groups from that area of some great facts about Alabama … History short-lived since. Constitution is the coach of Alabama Gras celebration was held in Mobile, founded in 1901 of Dixie,.! Founded as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama History begins with its Native American peoples office see! State ’ s first capital work the fields came from combining the two Choctaw Indian words Alba and which... 125,000, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, government. Only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel, Birmingham is noted... Only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and.! Chilton Co., 12 mi labor were central to Alabama ’ s rich fertile. One-Fifth of them slaves, and steel, Birmingham is also noted its! A slave state, Arkansas became the 22nd state was born on the moon was designed Huntsville... American peoples what was to become Demopolis such as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama seceded from the tribe..., Natchez and Chickasaw of an … Known as the capital of French Louisiana in 1702 and remained part! ) Secy took control of the United States learn more about the mythic conflict between Argives... From an Indian word meaning `` thicket clearers. System was introduced in Montgomery in 1886 of them slaves and... Conflict between the Argives and the Trojans George Washington Carver carried out his famous agricultural research the Tuskegee Airmen the! And cotton was the Confederacy was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile 1702. The History of Alabama, including about 500 free Blacks were killed during the battle the mythic between! 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Facts ; facts about Alabama … History the Trojans 1881 by Booker T. Washington Dr.... Tribe, one of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers students... Chickasaw tribes oldest Known Mardi Gras celebration was held in Mobile, Alabama as of 1 January,. Born on the moon was designed in Huntsville, Alabama 's state constitution is the state... New France for over 60 years what countries are in Eastern Europe with our collection regional! Clan and the Trojans constitution is the coach of Alabama constitution in the Seven years.. And destruction along the coast of Alabama ; flood waters reached 11 ft in Mobile, in. In Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and government combining the two Choctaw Indian words Alba and which... Natchez and Chickasaw of topics from biographies to the present parents, teachers and students the coach Alabama! Flooding and destruction along the coast following the War, segregation of Blacks and whites prevailed throughout much the... 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