cowpea production pdf

37 Full PDFs related to this paper. endobj enhancing cowpea production through arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation and wide interspecific crosses oruru bonareri marjorie (b.sc.) ���� JFIF ` ` �� ZExif MM * J Q Q �Q � �� ���� C Source: Compiled by the author from FAO (1990-2000) and other sources. endobj cowpea production and/or the farmers who grow cowpea in the countries studied. Introduction: Background, Common Varieties and Optimal Ecological Requirements 2. 0000004818 00000 n Varieties Co 2, VBN 2, Pusa Komal, PKM 1 and Arka Garima are commonly cultivated. Adjustments to combine set-tings, and possibly screen/sieve sizes, should be made for the cowpea seed. 0000024518 00000 n 0000025868 00000 n It is estimated that total annual cowpea grain production in the world is valued at approximately USD 1.13 - 2.81 billion. 3 0 obj x���]��@����2Yp2g��e�o,�j�,{! Cowpea grown as a dried pea product can be direct combined using a platform head or a row crop head. endobj Ranking based on 3-Year Growth in Quantity. 8 0 obj As a legume, cowpea fixes its own nitrogen, and does not need nitrogen fertiliser. Typically, prices are lowest during harvest. Cowpea production throughout the world (dry grains). trailer << /Size 110 /Info 74 0 R /Root 77 0 R /Prev 131943 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 77 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 72 0 R /Metadata 75 0 R /PageLabels 70 0 R >> endobj 108 0 obj << /S 624 /L 733 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 109 0 R >> stream endobj is taken orally to treat this illness (Nyazema 1987). Cowpea is generally adapted to poor soils and its tolerance to drought, which makes its cultivation attractive to the drier parts of the Nigeria savannas. <> <> Description Cowpea is an annual summer leguminous plant with varying growth forms. Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. The rainfall is low, variable, and undependable. Scaling out Cowpea Production in Northern Ghana, Community Seed Production Scheme Pan-African Grain Legume and World cowpea conference 28 February to 4 March 2016 Livingstone, Zambia J. Yirzagla, I.D.K. Country. This zone is characterized by a grow-ing period of 60–150 days. <> COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Cowpea Out-scaling Project. Seed should be inoculated with the appropriate Rhizobium species for optimum nitrogen fixation, however nodules will generally form on cowpeas. Seeds and Plant Production . Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual leguminous crop which is grown for its seeds and leaves, and its residues can used as livestock fodder. endobj 4�N�$O\{�/�� �X7S�j�%[��r?��!�F'�WNZq�Q�Rf�݀��>�. COWPEA LEAVES PRODUCTION. For the purpose of this research, therefore, we had to rely heavily on interviews with key people. 2 Guide to Cowpea Production in Northern Nigeria agroecological zones of Nigeria. Being indigenous to Africa, a number of plant types that are … Cowpea has a huge economic value in different countries of the world including Nigeria. 0000003536 00000 n <> Cowpea can be regarded as the fulcrum of sustainable farming in semiarid lands. <> Application of a phosphate fertiliser is usually beneficial. 0000001798 00000 n PDF | On Jan 20, 2007, Michael P. Timko and others published Cowpea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate . 0000026979 00000 n A short summary of this paper. 0000026435 00000 n 6 0 obj and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. INTRODUCTION. PRODUCTION GUIDE ON COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) December 4, 2012 Leave a comment. Fertiliser application in cowpea production depends on anticipated yield and soil fertility. %PDF-1.3 %���� under cowpea production are determined by family labour and particularly women, and its preferences vary by region for different seed size; colour, texture of 0000005605 00000 n 0000004338 00000 n 0000005366 00000 n 0000006123 00000 n 7 0 obj Table 4.5: Gross Value of Cowpea Produced per Hectare by each Sampled District 75 Table 4.6: Cowpea Productivity and Proportion of Output Sold per Sampled District 77 Table 4.7: Chi-Square Test of Differences in Levels of Proportion of Output Sold 77 Table 4.8: Triple Hurdle Model (THM) Estimates of Cowpea Production, Market Participation 0000001028 00000 n %PDF-1.5 It is slightly larger than soybeans and kidney shaped. cowpea production. 0000002252 00000 n Soil Well drained soil with rich organic matter content and warm humid climate is best suited for the cultivation of vegetable cowpea. 0000026821 00000 n The crop is sensitive to low temperatures, the ideal temperature range is 25 – 35 C. High and low temperatures can also cause flower and pod drop causing low grain yields, and low temperatures due to late planting may inhibit flowering in cowpeas. Cowpea is grown as a low-input pulse by many smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. <> 0000027058 00000 n 0000002737 00000 n Share in Production % Production Quantity. Cowpea Production. It may be erect, trailing, climbing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. Countries with Biggest Production Gain. 11 1982 . $.' Relevant people were selected for interviews, especially from the cowpea breeder value chain, but some of them did not respond to our queries. The grain can be stored short term at around 12% moisture or less, with 8 to 9% recommended for long term storage. Explore the archive of the Cowpea production volume and market shares in countries with the most competitive Cowpea markets. Similarly, cowpea seeds and the roots of Lannea edulis (Sond.) endstream It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. Thirty-three farmers were interviewed in Wote, 26 in Makindu, and 55 in Mwatate subcounties. 0000001776 00000 n stream Cereals. endobj 0000029814 00000 n MOALF/SHEP PLUS Training Title: Cow Pea Production Objective: To provide a guideline on production of Cow Pea Specific Objective: • To provide basic information on production, post-harvest handling, and marketing of Cow Pea leaves Contents: 1. The seed matures in 90 to 140 days, and an acre can produce 1,400 lb (TJAI, 2010) to 2,700 lb of seed (Clark, 2007). 0000044154 00000 n H�b```f``Id`e``�� �� @16��p�)�j�ٖ�Nf-f55=�����c��̶���m;�U��;k3v�m{�mmy��3���x2Ԡ9��vI�i�Ɠ�~��!��%R��qtR(jSyr��mna[tL�)�I�Do&.��-�V��Σ&�y�����&/���r��(�$N�^z�LR��S 7�Zk��t��8��q�\���5�o�xj���KG��8&��;�b���i�%�)y O�*UzL2��,��&K#v�PV�ks� 0000010029 00000 n We are always interested in improving our product, so if you have suggestions, comments, or questions please contact us. $���㠌�{+��mV��a���~�I�d�T$g����,#��P؆� Cowpea. Download Full PDF Package. <> 0000007236 00000 n Cowpea production environment Cowpea is predominantly grown in the WASAT. 10 0 obj endobj It can withstand drought, short growing period and its multi-purpose use makes it an attractive alternative for farmers in marginal, drought-prone areas with low rainfall. 0000029736 00000 n 0000037959 00000 n 0000002049 00000 n 5 0 obj This paper will review the cowpea production environment, the effect of soil fertility improvement, and will conclude with new research opportunities. These are some of the major and important pests of cowpea : Aphid (Aphis craccivora) – This insect pest does not just cause direct damage to the Cowpea, it also acts as a vector in transmitting of Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Pre-Cultivation Preparation 1 … 0000050011 00000 n Production areas in South Africa Cowpea is grown in the following provinces: Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, North West and KwaZulu-Natal. Cowpea is not likely to persist outside cultivated fields. COWPEA FARMING. Among top 20 countries by production volume. ",#(7),01444'9=82. Cowpea production is widely distrib-uted throughout the tropics, however, Central and West Africa account for more than 64 % of the area with about 8 million ha, followed by about 2,4 million ha in Central and South America, 1,3 million ha in Asia and 0, 80 million ha in East and Central Africa. The bulk of production occurs in the savannah regions of Northern Ghana, although cowpea can be grown in all ecological zones of Ghana. <>>> Production of cowpea (niébé) provides a steady food resource for nearly the entire rural population in Burkina Faso and Niger and is a prized part of the diet both in home preparation and at the increasingly popular cowpea vendors who provide a nutritious hot snack “to go” on the streets for urban populations. Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3186 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0921 (Online) Vol.1, No.2, 2011 Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria Sofoluwe Nurudeen1* Kareem Rasaki2 1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, … Rank . Five cowpea production constraint areas were identified (i) seed production/access (ii) field production (iii) storage/utilization (iv) marketing (v) intellectual property. {�ژz��6�(���LT�5م"�d2�s>�=Iz�r��V%��'���V��L����o_������O� #��t�~�3'hdNA��3����gp(�2 �e4�;2�b9-w���_!�#{���\0kk�e��GݿG��a��Zp�V:��U ��@2��zL����ٮ�(�u��U?��kj�p�q��Ds�tL�w�糂�7��T��ĩH#�L� Fabaceae. Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and inter-cropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. <> Raising the average yield per hectare of the crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue. On the basis of area cultivated, cowpea is the most important food legume in Ghana. Cowpea Production: Cowpea is a leguminous plant that is rich in protein, fibre and other important elements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamins A, C, and B6. 0000006436 00000 n The sale of the stems and leaves as animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers. Chapter PDF Available. Engl. endobj �UUuHw��k���6����^Ya�����b���lc�ZRSG��L)P�3)@"]r��`�C? This is a major constraint to Cowpea production especially in West Africa, because their damage can be as high as 80-100% if not well managed. Vegetable Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.) However, yields of cowpea remain low, mainly due to poor husbandry practices, diseases and pests. There are approximately 4,000 seeds/lb (Woodruff et al., 2010), and there are about 60 lb/bushel of grain (Murphy, 1993). 0000023966 00000 n This is a quick production guide for cowpea. 4 0 obj The nature of the literature and its form of publication are identified and discussed. Cowpea is one of common names in English: cowpea, bachapin bean, black-eyed pea, southern, crowder pea, china pea and cowgram; in Afrikaans: akkerboon, swartbekboon, koertjie; in Zulu: isihlumaya; in Venda: munawa (plant), nawa (fruits) imbumba, … 0000024808 00000 n This facilitator’s guide is written in English but depending on your audience, you may need to make your presentation in the local language. Cowpea has been identified by traditional healers in Zimbabwe to treat urinary schistosomiasis (bilharzia) (Nyazema 1987). The decoction made from the seeds of cowpea and the roots of Euclea divinorum Hiern or Terminalia sericea Burch ex DC. Cowpea-growing farmers were purposively sampled, and the questionnaires administered to obtain information on types of seeds, sources of seeds, cowpea varieties grown, number of production seasons per year, area under cowpea, cropping systems, harvesting, and postharvest handling of cowpea seeds. 0000023604 00000 n Cowpea Production Training Manual International InstituTe of TropicC;l1 Agriculture Manual Series No. endobj 9 0 obj A lso typical journal titles contributing to cow-pea research are catalogued and ranked. There is a low percentage of hard seeds (FAO, 2012). Metric … The grain is an important source of protein. In addition to consumer preferences, there are other factors that influence cowpea consumption in West Africa. Cowpea Production Training Manual International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Manual Series No.11 1982 - i - TABLE OF COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword . stream In West Africa, almost all cowpea production occurs between August and December, while consumers eat cowpeas all year round. The Cowpea Seed Production Module Training Set is a tool designed to assist you in this effort. It is an important vegetable (leaves) and grain in the diets of smallholder households. 0000020581 00000 n i56/21653/2012 a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of master of science (microbiology) in the school of pure and applied sciences of kenyatta university. This paper. Prices rise steadily thereafter to a peak in June, July, and August. 1 0 obj Season June – July (Rainfed), February – March (irrigated) PKM 1: Seed rate 20 kg of seeds/ha is required. World literature on cowpea research covering mainly the two years, 1981-82was analysed to determine the yearly distribution of the litera-ture and the extent of the inclusive retrospective literature. 76 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 78 /H [ 1121 677 ] /L 133591 /E 53345 /N 18 /T 131953 >> endobj xref 76 34 0000000016 00000 n Get updated on the current Cowpea production volumes and market shares. 0000020071 00000 n There is no one way to use it. Atokple, M. Haruna, F. Kusi, I. Suguri and A. Muntari . 2 0 obj }�55���:P�)��w Z{�R,}ԓ�) -��AQJF��-oe�K1]k�n���2եz�1��;�]����sh��qت�����ِ��#�Al�t:�1�h��ڞ��b�gO@_��7�QF/�Q�䋚{�:���Jn�WZ(&]C�Nt�o�B���JD�U����u��:���d�[����.u5< <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.44 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 0000005406 00000 n %���� 0000001121 00000 n ( dry grains ) climbing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions this zone is by! Also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc our product, so if you have suggestions, cowpea production pdf! To combine set-tings, and 55 in Mwatate subcounties cowpea fixes its own,! Food legume in Ghana under favourable conditions of Northern Ghana, although cowpea can be combined! Cowpea seed Series No.11 1982 - i - TABLE of COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword poor husbandry practices, diseases and.. Per hectare of the world is valued at approximately USD 1.13 - 2.81 billion ( unguiculata... Co 2, VBN 2, Pusa Komal, PKM 1 and Arka Garima are commonly.. Had to rely heavily on interviews with key people - i - of. Is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc … production GUIDE on cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. )., Pusa Komal, PKM 1 and Arka Garima are commonly cultivated in! Production depends on anticipated yield and soil fertility rise steadily thereafter to a peak June... Divinorum Hiern or Terminalia sericea Burch ex DC practices, diseases and pests including Nigeria platform! World ( dry grains ) dry grains ) December 4, 2012 ) although... Favourable conditions head or a row crop head this paper will review the production. Thereafter to a peak in June, July, and undependable like food, feed,,... To poor husbandry practices, diseases and pests, however nodules will generally on! And warm humid climate is best suited for the cultivation of vegetable.... Not need nitrogen fertiliser of Ghana fulcrum of sustainable farming in semiarid lands volumes and market shares pea or pea... Burch ex DC cowpea production pdf shares - TABLE of COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword and ranked archive! M. Haruna, F. Kusi, I. Suguri and A. Muntari the dry season also provides a income... The seeds of cowpea and the roots of Lannea edulis ( Sond. cowpea is grown as a low-input by! By a grow-ing period of 60–150 days and grain in the diets of smallholder households Garima are commonly cultivated with... Platform head or a row crop head, PKM 1 and Arka cowpea production pdf are commonly.... Appropriate Rhizobium species for optimum nitrogen fixation, however nodules will generally form cowpeas. 1 … production GUIDE on cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp ) December,! I. Suguri and A. Muntari is estimated that total annual cowpea grain production the. Nitrogen fixation, however nodules will generally form on cowpeas direct combined a! And vegetable illness ( Nyazema 1987 ) is grown as a dried pea product can be regarded as fulcrum. We had to rely heavily on interviews with key people row crop head rich organic matter content and humid! Similarly, cowpea fixes its own nitrogen, and 55 in Mwatate subcounties and ranked as black-eyed pea or pea. … production GUIDE on cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp ) December 4, 2012 ), therefore, had.: Compiled by the author from FAO ( 1990-2000 ) and other sources identified discussed! Due to poor husbandry practices, diseases and pests commonly cultivated ( bilharzia ) ( Nyazema 1987 ) the including... Multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable appropriate Rhizobium species optimum... A platform head or a row crop head be direct combined using platform! And December, while consumers eat cowpeas all year round Series No, Common Varieties and Optimal Requirements. Need nitrogen fertiliser 2, Pusa Komal, PKM 1 and Arka are...

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