history of south florida

Portions of the Florida peninsula have been above or below sea level at least four times. Many were sons and daughters of Loyalists who fled to the nearest crown soil during the American Revolution. Florida used to be located at the South Pole. This blockade was set up on U.S. 1 where the northern end of the Overseas Highway meets the mainland at Florida City. Many of the residents of Key West were immigrants from the Bahamas, known as Conchs (pronounced "Conks") who arrived in increasing numbers after 1830. Other tribes in Florida at the time of first contact included the Ais, Calusa, Jaega, Mayaimi, Tequesta, who lived on the southeast coast of the Everglades, and Tocobaga. The forts took their name from Major William Lauderdale, who was the commander of the detachment of soldiers who built the first fort. South Florida in … Henry Flagler was instrumental in the county's development in the early 1900s with the extension of the Florida East Coast Railway through the county from Jacksonville to Key West. This blockade was in response to the Mariel Boatlift. [15], The Anthony J. Catanese Center for Urban and Environmental Solutions at Florida Atlantic University notes the unusual growth pattern of South Florida. Plant declined, so Tuttle went to Flagler, whose own railroad stopped 66 miles away in what is now known as Palm Beach. However, development of the city did not begin until 50 years after the forts were abandoned at the end of the conflict. Board. The British claim was never officially contested. Eager to expand its own American colony collection, Britain led several raids into Florida in the 1700s to overthrow Spanish rule. During the last interglacial period, the majority of south Florida was a shallow carbonate environment with some siliciclastic input. In 1715, 11 Spanish ships crashed into the treacherous reefs off the Florida coast. It was named for its first settled community, Palm Beach, in turn named for the palm trees and beaches in the area. Finding aids are tools designed to help researchers understand manuscript and archival collections. [12] This tracks with South Florida's demographics, and Lamme and Oldakowski's findings parallel Barney Warf and Cynthia Waddell's research on Florida's political geography during the 2000 Presidential election. After taking control in 1763, the Brits divided Florida into two. Dubbed by opponents as the "alligator and snake swamp bill," the legislation stalled during the Great Depression and World War II. Many people lived in large villages with purpose-built mounds. In 1875, his daughter Julia Tuttle visited him and fell in love with the area, although not returning for another 16 years, when she would further transform the city. A 17-mile traffic jam ensued while the Border Patrol stopped every car leaving the Keys, supposedly searching for illegal aliens attempting to enter the mainland United States. (Page of tag Florida) The cultures of the Florida Panhandle and the north and central Gulf coast of the Florida peninsula were strongly influenced by the Mississippian culture, although there is continuity in cultural history, suggesting that the peoples of those cultures were also descended from the inhabitants of the Archaic period. Palm Beach County was created in 1909. For the Tequesta, disease, coupled with continuing conflict with their Calusa neighbors, contributed greatly to their decline over the next 2 centuries. Two years later, William Brickell bought land on the south bank of the Miami River and Ephraim Sturtevant took over the area called Biscayne. Last revised 2020 At the beginning of the 18th century, tribes from areas to the north of Florida -- supplied, encouraged, and occasionally accompanied by white colonists from the Province of Carolina -- raided throughout Florida, burning villages, killing many of the inhabitants, and carrying captives back to Charles Towne to be sold as slaves. It began more than 10,000 years ago with the arrival of prehistoric Indians and continues to the multi-cultural metropolis of today. In 1915 the Miami Metropolis newspaper described the Lyric Theater as "possibly the most beautiful and costly playhouse owned by Colored people in all the Southland" The Lyric Theater served as a symbol of black economic influence, as well as a social gathering place-free of … Spanish explorers of the early 16th century were likely the first Europeans to interact with the native population of Florida. After moving to the area, he built a railroad all the way down the east coast of Florida, stopping in each major town to build a hotel. That year, 160 acres of it was purchased by the Lum brothers for the specific purpose of growing coconuts. Florida became an organized territory of the United States on March 30, 1822. By about 500 B.C., the Archaic culture that had been fairly uniform across Florida began to fragment into regional cultures. HistoryMiami is the premier cultural institution committed to gathering, preserving and celebrating Miami’s history. [12][13] The economy in South Florida is very similar to that in Central Florida. … Along the southwest Gulf coast lived the Calusa (Caloosa) Indians. The Great Migration, mass immigration, and the Land Boom of the 1920s made millions of people aware of Florida and its attractions for the first time. The first highway in Florida was built in 1911 connecting Jacksonville to Miami which ultimately established the first road that could take you from the northern part of Florida too its south. She understood its importance as the major watershed for South Florida and as a unique ecosystem. Some of the Apalachee eventually reached Louisiana, where they survived as a distinct group for at least another century. The center projects this pattern to continue in the future. The first to establish a fort in Florida were the French, actually, but it was ultimately destroyed by the Spanish, who introduced Christianity, horses, and cattle to the region. Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas, "Florida Population: Census Summary 2010", "Miami Accents: Why Locals Embrace That Heavy "L" Or Not", "Miami Accents: How 'Miamah' Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang", "English in the 305 has its own distinct Miami sound - Lifestyle - MiamiHerald.com", "2 Broward Cities Plant Seeds of Secession", "North Lauderdale wants to split Florida into two states", "Officials want South Florida to break off into its own state", "Charting the Course: Where is South Florida Heading? No region reflects this more than South Florida. The demographics of South Florida residents can be segmented as following: Over 87.2% of all foreigners residing in South Florida come from Latin America. A 2007 study of Florida's regions by Ary Lamme and Raymond K. Oldakowski found that Floridians surveyed identified "South Florida" as comprising the southernmost sections of peninsular Florida, meaning from Jupiter, Florida southward. Prehistoric Native People The first people to enter the Florida peninsula around 12,000 years ago were not explorers, adventurers, or settlers,but nomads following the big game animals upon which their survival depended. Exploration and settlement. That area includes the Miami metropolitan area (generally defined as Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties), the Florida Keys, and the interior region known as the Glades. It is the regional workforce development board representing Miami-Dade and Monroe counties. THE CALUSA INDIANS OF SOUTHWEST FLORIDA. Fourteen thousand years ago, Florida would have made an ideal location for the show Land of the Lost -- that is, if there were actually dinosaurs down here. Today, Fort Lauderdale is a major yachting center, one of the nation's largest tourist destinations, and the center of a metropolitan division with 1.8 million people. In 1982, Key West, and the rest of the Florida Keys, briefly declared its "independence" as the Conch Republic in a protest over a United States Border Patrol blockade. When World War II began, Fort Lauderdale became a major U.S. Navy base, with a Naval Air Station to train pilots, radar and fire control operator training schools, and a Coast Guard base at Port Everglades. Most of the villages in Florida were abandoned and the survivors sought refuge at St. Augustine, or in isolated spots around the state. Efforts to tame the watery landscape took many twists and turns, guided by the needs and capabilities of the day. Honey, Don’t Shrink My Florida. The city was incorporated in 1911, and in 1915 was designated the county seat of newly formed Broward County. For 2 centuries, Spain sent fleets twice a year to collect treasure from her New World colonies. Battle is one of four players from South Florida who start in Alabama's secondary. Flagler laughed at Tuttle's request, saying he didn't see what Miami had to offer in terms of tourism. The state got off easy for a change. Throughout its rich history, even prior to the Spaniards landing along the shores of the Miami River, Miami has been a city of great history and survival. Miami had arrived and newspapers and magazines began touting the city as "the sun porch of America, where winter is turned to summer.". The best known group is the Calusa, whose vast domain was ruled by a single chief. People started living in villages near wetlands, and favored sites may have been occupied for multiple generations. [4] Its definition includes much of the same territory as Lamme and Oldakowski's report (except the Gulf Coast and much of the interior Glades region) as well as additional area. True, much of South Florida is built on drained swampland, but compared to the creation of Miami Beach, that was relatively easy. In the meantime, Henry Flagler, who made a $50 million fortune working with John Rockefeller in the Standard Oil Company, came to Florida in the late 1800s because he thought the warm weather would help his wife's frail health. The population of this tribe may have reached as many as 50,000 people. As glaciers of ice in the north expanded and melted, the Florida peninsula emerged and submerged. The rich exchange of multicultural cuisines began when Ponce de León first staked a claim for Spain in 1513. 1949. Florida saw little action during the Civil War -- its main role was to supply beef and salt to the Confederates. As with all vernacular regions, South Florida has no official boundaries or status and is defined differently by different sources. Ancient Native American peoples entered Florida from the north as early as 12,000 years ago. St. Petersburg Printing Company, Inc. Florida. Indigenous peoples continued to arrive from the north in small numbers after 500 bce, … It includes the populous Miami metropolitan area, the Florida Keys, and other localities. The few surviving members of these tribes were evacuated to Cuba when Spain transferred Florida to the British Empire in 1763. Ancient Origins articles related to Florida in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Starting in the 1980s, the swamps of the South Florida Everglades have been overrun by one of the most damaging invasive species the region has ever seen: the Burmese python. [12] 38% characterized the area as conservative; 26% as moderate. Not so much. Government documents and reports: In 1521, he encountered the Calusa Indians, who established 30 villages in the Everglades and successfully resisted European colonization. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The Spanish attempted to salvage the treasure for the next 4 years; however, the hazards of sharks, barracudas, buccaneers, and Indians led them to abandon the operation. History December 18, 1956. Since 1983, research in the South Florida Archaeology and Ethnography Program has resulted in the most systematically obtained and intensively studied collection from the domain of the ancient and extinct Calusa Indian people in southwest Florida and other groups from the greater south Florida region. The southern half of Palm Beach County was subsequently carved out to create the northern portion of Broward County in 1915. The British realized the treaty was ambiguous, but declared that the Keys should be occupied and defended as part of Florida. No one knows exactly when the first European set foot on one of the Florida Keys, but as exploration and shipping increased, the islands became prominent on nautical maps. Since the 1980s, North Florida lawmakers have debated that a pie made of pecans, grown in Florida, would better reflect the state’s history. County and Town Histories; Timeline [edit | edit source]. HISTORY OF SOUTH FLORIDA In the course of time it will be improved, and your critical comments would be very helpful. Another railway honcho, Henry Plant, laid his tracks from Jacksonville to Tampa. The Early Archaic period evolved into the Middle Archaic period around 5000 B.C. Then Florida was a disaster. … [11] Politically, South Florida is more liberal than the rest of the state. When the sea level was lowest, the land area of Florida was much larger than it is now. The South Florida Collection. This paralyzed the Florida Keys. Frommer's EasyGuide to Miami and the Keys, Frommer's EasyGuide to Charleston, Savannah and St. Augustine. It is one of Florida's three most commonly referred to "directional" regions, the others being Central Florida and North Florida. Alabama strong safety Jordan Battle tackles a Notre Dame receiver in the 2021 Rose Bowl in Arlington, Texas. When her husband died in 1886, Julia Tuttle decided to leave Cleveland for Florida and asked Plant to extend his railroad to Miami. These Indians controlled most of south Florida. The population grew from 529,000 in 1900 to 18.3 million in 2009. The History of South Beach. HISTORY OF SOUTH FLORIDA [Chapman, Arthur E] on Amazon.com. Finally, to settle Spain's $5 million debt to the U.S., all Spanish land east of the Mississippi, including Florida, was ceded to the U.S. in 1819. [16], Over time, there have been numerous proposals for partitioning the state of Florida to form a separate state of South Florida. Waterways were the highways for the earliest inhabitants, and community growth was slow. The history of South Florida is the story of humans in a unique environment. [15] Additionally, while there was little geographical variation for most styles of music, there was regional variation for both country and Latin music. When the soldiers left, the fort became the base for a small village established by William H. English, who dubbed it Miami, from the Indian word Mayami, meaning "big water.". The Miami accent is most prevalent in American-born South Floridian youth. Daybreak found more than 700 men missing, with wreckage and bodies scattered across 30 miles. South Florida is the southernmost region of the U.S. state of Florida. The nearby treacherous coral reefs claimed many lives. Three days later they landed 120 miles to the north. Fort Lauderdale's first major development began in the 1920s, during the Florida land boom. Throughout most of its history, Florida has been under water. South Florida. Among the most notable Spaniards in Florida included the aforementioned Ponce de León; Hernando de Soto, the most ruthless of the explorers whose thirst for gold led to the massacre of many Indians; Panfilo de Narvaez, whose quest for El Dorado -- the land of gold -- landed him in Tampa Bay; and Pedro Menendez de Aviles, who founded St. Augustine after defeating the French. The Collection includes government documents, reports, maps, books, and audio visual materials. A short history of Charleston, South Carolina. During Florida Jewish History Month, people will have the opportunity to learn about and celebrate Floridian Jews' contributions to the development of the state at a few virtual events. Florida in the Paleoindian Period (13,500 to 9,900 B.P.) Though the numbers of natives remaining in Florida were reduced to between 200 and 300 people, the determination of those remaining had not been broken. He was the exception - most Jews were moving in the opposite direction, from Key West in the south … July 7, 1965: South Florida Junior College was founded. It wasn't until 1886 that they actually built the first farmhouse. Miami and South Florida. A booming post war economy after World War One and mass tourism greatly diversified and expanded the population of Florida. In 1763, when the Spanish ceded Florida to the British in a trade for the port of Havana, an agent of the King of Spain claimed that the islands, rich in fish, turtles, and mahogany for shipbuilding, were part of Cuba, fearing that the English might build fortresses and dominate the shipping lanes. As recently as the early 1900s, the southern interior was a vast and foreboding swampland, largely inaccessible. A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. It was a banner day for Notre Dame's rushing attack across the board. It was the daughter of one of the two brothers that named the area "South Beach". New communities and attractions now suddenly dotted Florida's coasts and interior, reflecting Florida's increased popu… All of these tribes diminished in numbers during the period of Spanish control of Florida. A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. As Palm Beach became a haven for the über-rich, it also became a political focal point and was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. presidential election recount controversy, and ended up turning the state in favor of George W. Bush by 537 votes. In 2017 the population of Florida was 21 million. ", Populations of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Area (and rankings), Miami International University of Art & Design, Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science, Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Florida&oldid=998034047, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 13:35. The county was carved out of what was then the northern half of Dade County. Ironically, the British gave the islands back to Spain in 1783, to keep them out of the hands of the United States, but in 1821 all of Florida, including the necklace of islands, officially became American territory. The Advisory Board of the Florida Alcoholic Rehabilitation program offered 24 acres of property, contingent upon acquiring adjacent lands from the City to the south and Sachsenmaier to the north, on Highway 27, south. [10], Lamme and Oldakowski identify several demographic, political, and cultural elements that characterize South Florida and distinguish it from other areas of the state. The name "Treasure Coast" is derived from a number of Spanish galleons (especially those of the 1715 Spanish treasure fleet) that wrecked off the coast during the 17th and 18th centuries. Records indicate that only 30 percent of the treasure was recovered; the rest lay buried in the sands of the Treasure Coast. The post-Archaic cultures of eastern and southern Florida developed in relative isolation, and it is likely that the peoples living in those areas at the time of first European contact were direct descendants of the inhabitants of the areas in late Archaic times. Most of their activity was around the watering holes, sinkholes, and basins in the beds of modern rivers. The Spanish recorded nearly 100 names of groups they encountered, ranging from organized political entities such as the Apalachee, with a population of around 50,000, to villages with no known political affiliation. No formal treaty was signed. Control of Florida was still disputed by Spain and England, so settlers in the state lived outside the political control of both nations. Today tourism, banking and phosphate mining are important industries in Florida. Welcome to South Florida Reporter, your go-to source for news and information for the Sunshine State. [MIAMI] – The Health Foundation of South Florida, the region’s largest philanthropic organization focused on achieving health equity in historically disadvantaged communities, today announced Loreen Chant as its new president and CEO, effective March 1st. South Florida is the only region of the state where ethnic foods are as popular as general American cuisine. Pensacola was founded by the … The rich exchange of multicultural cuisines began when Ponce de León first staked a claim for Spain in 1513. During the Spanish re-conquest, American slaves fled to Florida, causing major turmoil between Spain and the U.S. Established in 1856, the Florida Historical Society is dedicated to preserving Florida's past through the collection and archival maintenance of historical documents and photographs, the publication of scholarly research on Florida history, and educating the public about Florida history through a variety of public history projects and programs. Topics explored include First Arrivals, International Rivalry, Southward Expansion, New People – New Technology, and Gateway of the Americas. The boundaries of Florida's first two counties, Escambia and St. Johns, approximately coincided with the boundaries of West and East Florida, respectively. The Miami accent is a regional accent of the American English dialect spoken in South Florida, particularly in Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, and Monroe counties. [19][20][21], For the metropolitan area made up by the population centers of Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties, see, Geographic and cultural region in Florida, United States, A list of cities under 10,000 is available. "Charting the Course" uses "the term 'Southeast' Florida interchangeably with 'South' Florida" for this region; p. 3. Finally, on December 6, 1947, President Harry Truman dedicated the Everglades National Park. When the first train arrived in Miami on April 15, 1896, all 300 (!) Florida cuisine is probably one of the most unique and diverse in the world. The Calusa men were tall and well built with long hair. Until 1870, the area that today is known as South Beach was basically unsettled farmland. Update, the predecessor of South Florida History magazine, was published from 1973 through 1988. Combined with Indian raids in the north and an Indian alliance with runaway slaves, Florida was, well, a mess, until General Andrew Jackson invaded Spanish Florida, captured Pensacola, and occupied West Florida. Florida's Native American Tribes. (SFWMD canal map 2013) Below is a history of the South Florida canals as written in an email to me by Dr Gary Goforth. Stiltsville began in the 1930s as several offshore clubs located about a mile south of Cape Florida in Miami-Dade County. From Miami to Key Largo, Southern Florida is the perfect destination for a sunny respite from the cold, with attractions that suit visitors of all ages and interests. Artifacts from these ships are still being recovered today, by both amateur and professional treasure-hunters. Less is known about the early Indians of South Florida. Health Foundation of South Florida Announces Loreen Chant as new President and CEO. In the winter of 1884-85 hundreds of Northern visitors arrived in the region including Thomas Alva Edison who decided to bring a prefab winter complete, complete with South Florida's first swimming pool, to Fort Myers. South Florida History, a popular regional history magazine, was published from 1989 through 2009. The History of South Beach Until 1870, the area that today is known as South Beach was basically unsettled farmland. October 22, 1957. At this time, the plantation system was adopted by north Florida and because the settlers wanted the best possible land, the federal government tried moving all Indians west of the Mississippi, resulting in the Second and Third Seminole Wars. Reasons often stated are cultural, ethnic, economic, and financial frustrations with the state government in Tallahassee, which is in North Florida. The South Florida Collection is a one of a kind collection that is comprised of historic and current materials. Once Ponce de León laid his eyes on Florida in 1513, a slew of competitive Conquistadors made futile efforts to find gold there and colonize the region. Ian Book and the Irish bulldozed South Florida on the ground. Florida cuisine is probably one of the most unique and diverse in the world. There were now more people in Florida, and as they were no longer tied to a few water holes in an arid land, they left their artifacts in many more locations. The Seminole, originally an offshoot of the Creek people who absorbed other groups, developed as a distinct tribe in Florida during the 18th century, and are now represented in the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida. The South Florida Workforce Investment Board (SFWIB), chartered by the State of Florida, is one of 24 regional Workforce Boards in Florida. Native Americans. Additionally, Southwest Florida, representing the state's southern Gulf Coast, has emerged as a directional vernacular region. Battle is one of four players from South Florida who start in Alabama's secondary. The developed area is highly urbanized and increasingly continuous and decentralized, with no particular dominant core cities. The Florida Cabinet approves the name "University of South Florida," in part because it is the... November 1962. Some respondents from as far northwest as the southern Tampa Bay area identified their region as being in South Florida rather than Southwest or Central Florida. The following important events in the history of Florida affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movement.. 1565 The Spanish founded St. Augustine, the first permanent white settlement in what is now the United States. Which ultimately decimated Indian populations Truman dedicated the Everglades National park blockade in... 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